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23 Jul

Obesity – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview:

Obesity often results from taking in more calories than are burned by exercise and normal daily activities.Obesity is an epidemic in the U.S. This condition puts people at a higher risk for serious diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more. BMI is a calculation that takes a person’s weight and height into account

 

Causes:

Eating more calories than you burn in daily activity and exercise (on a long-term basis) causes obesity. Over time, these extra calories add up, and cause you to gain weight.

Common specific causes of obesity include:

  • eating a poor diet of foods high in fats and calories
  • having a sedentary (inactive) lifestyle
  • not sleeping enough, which can lead to hormonal changes that make you feel more hungry and crave certain high-calorie foods
  • genetics, which can affect how your body processes food into energy and how fat is stored
  • growing older, which can lead to less muscle mass and a slower metabolic rate, making it easier to gain weight
  • pregnancy (weight gained during pregnancy can be difficult to lose and may eventually lead to obesity).

 

Symptoms:

Some of the major symptoms of obesity are being overweight, binge eating, fatigue, pot belly, or snoring.

 

Any affecting organs:

Obesity can cause problems with many organs in the body. The organs which get affected by obesity are

  • Brain
  • Heart
  • Lungs
  • Arteries
  • Wrist
  • Liver
  • Breast
  • Kidneys
  • Knee

 

Prevention/Treatment:

Treatment: If you are obese and have not been able to lose weight on your own, medical help is available. Start with your family physician, they may be able to refer you to a weight specialist in your area. Your doctor may also want to work with you as a team to help you lose weight, along with a dietitian, therapist, and other healthcare staff.

Your doctor will work with you on making lifestyle changes. Sometimes, they may recommend medications or weight loss surgery as well.

Prevention: Prevent weight gain by making good lifestyle choices. Aim for moderate exercise (walking, swimming, biking) for 20 to 30 minutes every day.

Eat well by choosing nutritious foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. Eat high-fat, high-calorie foods in moderation.

 

Sources:

http://www.mydr.com.au/nutrition-weight/animation-effects-of-obesity

https://www.healthline.com/health/obesity#long-term-outlook

 

 

 

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