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14 Feb

Heart Attack


A heart attack is the death of a segment of heart muscle caused by a loss of blood supply. The blood is usually cut off when an artery supplying the heart muscle is blocked by a blood clot.

What are the causes of a heart attack?

While previously only smoking and cholesterol were considered as causes for heart attacks, today, the various causes also include:

  • Smoking
  • Abnormal cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Stress
  • Abdominal obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Eating too few fruits and vegetables
  • Abstaining from alcohol

What organs are affected?

The heart, as well as the chest, are affected during a heart attack

Symptoms

The symptoms of a heart attack occurring are as follows:

  • The following are other possible signs and symptoms of a heart attack occurring:
  • coughing
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • crushing chest pain
  • dizziness
  • shortness of breath called dyspnea
  • face seeming gray in color
  • a feeling of terror that life is ending
  • feeling awful, generally
  • restlessness
  • feeling clammy and sweaty
  • shortness of breath

Prevention/Treatment

Preventive measures:

  • not smoking
  • eating a balanced, healthful diet
  • getting plenty of exercise
  • getting plenty of good quality sleep
  • keeping diabetes under control
  • keeping alcohol intake down
  • maintaining blood cholesterol at optimum levels
  • keeping blood pressure at a safe level
  • maintaining a healthy body weight
  • avoiding stress where possible
  • learning how to manage stress

Treatment:

During: manual chest compressions, a defibrillator

Post: aspirin and other antiplatelets, beta blockers, ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors, statins, angioplasty, CABG or coronary artery bypass graft.

References:

https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/news/20040830/cause-of-most-heart-attacks-found

 

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