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14 Feb

Fever


Fever is when a human’s body temperature goes above the normal range of 36–37° Centigrade (98–100° Fahrenheit). It is a common medical sign. Other terms for a fever include pyrexia and controlled hyperthermia.

What are the causes of a fever?

  • Weather changes
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Some medications
  • Overexposure of skin to sunlight, or sunburn
  • Heat stroke, caused by exposure to high temperatures or prolonged strenuous exercise
  • Dehydration
  • Silicosis, a type of lung disease caused by long-term exposure to silica dust
  • Amphetamine abuse
  • Alcohol withdrawal

What are the symptoms of a fever?

Symptoms of fevers are based on the severity of them. Common symptoms include:

  • feeling cold when nobody else does
  • shivering
  • lack of appetite
  • dehydration — preventable if the person drinks plenty of fluids
  • depression
  • hyperalgesia, or increased sensitivity to pain
  • lethargy
  • problems in concentrating
  • sleepiness
  • sweating
  • If the fever is high, there may also be extreme irritability, confusion, delirium, and seizures.

What organs are affected by diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes affects our blood vessels and nerves and therefore can affect any part of the body.

Prevention/Treatment

Care for a fever depends on its severity. A low-grade fever with no other symptoms doesn’t typically require medical treatment. Drinking fluids and resting in bed are usually enough to fight off a fever.

When a fever is accompanied by mild symptoms, such as general discomfort or dehydration, it can be helpful to treat elevated body temperature by:

  • making sure the room temperature where the person is resting is comfortable
  • taking a regular bath or a sponge bath using lukewarm water
  • taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen
  • drinking plenty of fluids

A visit to a doctor is recommended if a fever persists after the home remedies. Oral medication might be prescribed.

References

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/168266.php

 

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